Ethmalosa fimbriata. Citation. Entsua-Mensah, M., Lalèyè, P. & Moelants, T. . Ethmalosa fimbriata. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species e. Descriptions and articles about the Bonga Shad, scientifically known as Ethmalosa fimbriata in the Encyclopedia of Life. Includes Overview; Comprehensive Des. SpeciesEthmalosa fimbriataBonga. ADW Pocket Guides on the iOS App Store! The Animal Diversity Web team is excited to announce ADW Pocket Guides!.

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Bonga is very important in West African coastal and lagoon fishing communities and it is an important food source in West and Central Africa.

The biology of Ethmalosa in the Gambian waters.

IUCN Red List of Threatened Species

Ethmalosa fimbriata is found in coastal and estuarine regions, and sometimes also in lower courses of coastal rivers, even more than km up rivers Ref. In addition to fimbriatq high degree of natural variability, coastal areas are exposed to increasing anthropogenic pressure, both industrial and urban, that is not always well evaluated.

Phylogenetic diversity index Ref. The biology of the clupeid Ethmalosa fimbriata Bowdich was studied as a potential bio-indicator of pollution in three bays of the Ebrie Lagoon, an inter-tropical lagoon in the Ivory Coast western Africa. The clupeid Ethmalosa fimbriata is abundant along the coast of western Africa.

Marine molluscs and fish as biomarkers of pollution stress in littoral regions of the Red Sea, Mediterranean Sea efhmalosa North Sea.

Localities of the three bays studied in the Ebrie Lagoon. Habitat condition and fish assemblage structure in a coastal Mediterranean stream Yarqon, Israel receiving domestic effluent.

Body fairly deep, compressed, scutes present along belly.

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Caught by canoe fishermen using purse seines and encircling nets, also seine nets in lagoons and estuaries. The three-tone grey scale is proportional to soil use: Development and calibration of methods in Nordic freshwater fish monitoring.

With an average depth of 4. The differences demonstrated a high tolerance of the species to polluted environments. Upper jaw with distinct median notch, into which tip of lower jaw fits. Print PDF Search species. However, many more fish were caught in Cocody Bay than in the unpolluted Sud Boulay Bay, except in Decemberwhen numerous juvenile S. Low vulnerability 21 of Ethmalosa fimbriatathe bonga shad or just bongais a shada clupeid fish, that occurs along the coasts and in brackish water of coastal lagoons, rivers and lakes of western Africa from Dakhla in Western Sahara to Lobito in Angola.

Geographic variation in the maturity and the growth schedules of English sole along the US west coast.

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The Q index is defined as the vector length from origin to sample point. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it. Smoke-drying is done over a fire. The situation is different outside the city where, for example, Sud Boulay Bay shows no clear sign of organic pollution Chantraine and Dufour, ; Durand et al.

The three bays are described in more detail by Chantraine and Dufour and Durand et al. More and up-to-date studies are clearly necessary to determine the age at first maturity and the age structure of E. While ADW fimbiata and contributors provide references to books etmalosa websites that we believe are reputable, we cannot necessarily endorse the contents of references beyond our control.

Several questions arise from this analysis. This can be taken as confirmation that Bietri Bay is highly polluted whereas Cocody Bay is mainly eutrophic urban pollution. Bilateria bilaterally symmetrical animals. In addition, industrial chemicals, including soda ash, pigments from the textile industry, heavy metals from metallurgical enterprises, and arsenic from leather tanning, are discharged in the area of Abidjan Chantraine and Dufour, ; Durand et al.

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An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. Alosa species do not overlap E. Study of such a species able to tolerate great environmental disturbance, both natural and anthropogenic, may be revealing.

Unfortunately, no otolith analysis has been carried out thus far in the Ebrie Lagoon, and such data are crucial to concluding whether the smaller size at first maturity observed for E. Studies of larvae, growth, and migratory behaviour have been documented Scheffers et al. Bacterial pollution attributable to sewage is characterized by high levels of enteric bacteria, Escherischia coli and Clostridium perfringensboth of which are known to be a danger to human health.

Freshwater input is mainly by the Comoe River, located on the eastern side of the lagoon. Articles with ‘species’ microformats Commons category link is locally defined All stub articles.

The Ebrie Lagoon, showing the six sectors Roman numerals described by Durand et al. Sud Boulay Bay 10 km 2 is in a rural area and therefore can be considered as the unpolluted reference point. Resembles Sardinella auritaS.

Biomarker responses in whitefish Coregonus lavaretus L. Connect with us Help us improve the site by taking our survey. Shannon’s formula as a measure of specific diversity: