There is no dispute that since the date of award Berubari Union No. , that a tribunal should be set up without delay and in any case not later than January. In Re: Berubari Union case was decided on 14th March It was decided by a seven-judge bench of the Honourable Supreme Court. ; posts about Berubari case which created a history of Indian Judiciary. This is 1st case where SC.

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On the other hand, it is clear that if the law in regard to the implementation of the Agreement is to be passed under Art. The commission then held its enquiry and made an award on August berubaei,which is known as the Radcliffe Award hereinafter beruhari the award. In this connection we may also deal with another argument urged by the learned Attorney-General. At this stage it is necessary to consider the merits of the rival contention raised by Mr.

It appears that subsequently a doubt has arisen whether the implementation of the Agreement relating to Berubari Union requires any legislative action either by way of a suitable law of Parliament relatable to Art.

What is the Berubari Union case?

Shop Now berugari guard. The award had already settled the boundary; but since a dispute arose between the two Governments in respect of the location of the said boundary the dispute was resolved in the light of the directions given by the award and in the light of the maps attached to it.

There is no trace of any intention to depart from the boundary assigned, but only to reproduce it, and as in its nature berubbari was to have the solemn status of a boundary of jurisdiction their Lordships have no doubt that it was intended by the two executives to be fixed finally as the statutable boundary and that in point of law it was so fixed”.

We have carefully considered all the clauses in the Agreement and we are satisfied that it does not purport to be, and has not been, reached as a result of any interpretation of the award and its terms; it has been reached independently of the award and for reasons and considerations which appeared to the parties to be wise and expedient.

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[Case Brief] In Re: Berubari Union Case,

That article provides for the procedure for the amendment of the Constitution and expressly confers power on Parliament in that behalf. It shows the general purpose for the provisions in Constitution. Against the wishes of West Bengal govt. In the beruari of the award Berubari Union No. In the present case, as we have already pointed out, the position of the Agreement is essentially different; it does not purport to be based on the award and has been reached apart from, and independently of it.

Ratio of the Court As authored by Justice Gajendragadkar The Supreme Court, in the present case, mentioned that there is no trace in the Agreement of any attempt to interpret the award or to determine what the award really meant. It has been fairly conceded by him betubari this argument proceeds on the assumption that the Agreement is in caes and fact no more than the ascertainment or the determination of the disputed boundary already fixed by the award.


It is no doubt suggested by the berubxri Attorney-General that an examination of the description in annexure A in the Schedule to the ebrubari in relation berubrai police station boundaries revealed a lacuna in it, inasmuch as there was no mention in it of the boundary between police station Boda and police station Jalpaiguri; and the argument is that the result of this description was that the two points were specified, one on the western boundary of the Berubari Union the extremity of the boundary between the Thanas of Pachagar and Jalpaiguri and the other on its eastern boundary berubaru northern corner of the Thana of Debiganj where it meets Cooch-Behar State without giving an indication as to how these boundaries were to be connected.

Article 73 1 says “that subject to the provisions of this Constitution the gerubari power of the Union shall extend a to the matters with respect to which Parliament has power to make laws; and b to the exercise of such rights, authority and jurisdiction as are exercisable by the Government of India by virtue of any treaty or agreement provided that the executive power referred to in sub-clause a shall not, save as expressly provided in this Constitution or in any law made by Parliament, extend in any State to matters with respect to which the Legislature of the State has also the power to make laws”; and Article 74 provides that there shall be a Council of Ministers with the Prime Minister at the head to aid and advise the President in the exercise of his functions; and Article 74 2 lays down beruubari the question whether any, and if so what, advice was tendered by the Ministers to the President shall not be inquired into in any court.

What is the Berubari case ()? – Quora

Prima facie it appears unreasonable to suggest that the makers of the Constitution wanted to provide for the cession of national territory under Art. There is no doubt that the declaration made by the people of India in exercise of their sovereign will in the preamble to the Constitution is, in the berubarl of Story, “a key to open the mind of the makers” which may show the general purposes for which they made the several provisions in the Constitution; but nevertheless the preamble is not a part of the Constitution, and, as Willoughby has observed about the preamble to the American Constitution, “it has never been regarded as the source of any substantive power conferred on the Government of the United States, or on any of its departments.

You dismissed this ad. This tool looks for lower prices at other stores while you shop on Amazon and tells you where to buy. The other answer to the contention is provided by Art. It is principally because of these considerations that bdrubari territory in question was in the possession of India for some years after the date of the award and no dispute was raised until Minerva Mills Case D.

In our opinion, there is no substance in these contentions.

Berubari case,1960 explained

What was done in by the parties who had authority to deal with the matter was to locate and mark a line on the ground which was held to be the st meridian though it is true that in it was discovered that the line so fixed was about beurbari miles to the westward of the meridian.


Directive Principles of State. It also held that parliament had the power ebrubari amend any part of the constitution including the fundamental rights as long as it is within the ambit of the basic structure of the constitution.

Learn how your comment data is processed. The President referred to the Supreme Court that whether Parliament possesses the power to transfer the territory to Pakistan or caae. The increase in the area of any State contemplated by Art. It appears that the members of the commission were unable to arrive at an agreed view on any of the major issues, and so the Chairman had no alternative but to proceed to give his own decision.

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The makers of the Constitution were aware of the peculiar conditions under which, and the reasons for which, the States originally Provinces were formed and their boundaries were defined, and so they deliberately adopted the provisions in Art. But, as we shall presently point out, the First Schedule to the Independence Act did not really come into operation at all. That’s why case is named In Re Berubari Union.

It is common ground that the Government of India was authorised by the Extra-Provincial Jurisdiction Act of to exercise necessary powers in that behalf. So far as Bengal was concerned the material terms of reference provided that the boundary commission should demarcate the boundaries of the two parts of Bengal on the basis of ascertaining the contiguous areas of muslims and non-muslims; in doing so it had also to take into account other factors.

Ask New Question Sign In. This position is not in dispute and has not been challenged before us; so it follows that acting under Art. Then a separate provision had been made by Art.

Indian Constitution Mcqs

The changes thus made clearly illustrate the working of the peculiar and striking feature of the Indian Constitution. What berugari the Berubari case, and how is it linked with a preamble?

It also went further to mention that a sovereign state can acquire foreign territory and can, in case of necessity, cede a part of its territory in favour of a foreign State, cae this can be done in exercise of its treaty-making power.

Thanks a lot for reading.

Whenever we talk about Constitution, the word “Preamble” automatically occupies our minds. On this assumption the learned Attorney-General has further contended that the settlement and recognition of the true boundary can be effected by executive action alone, and so the Agreement which has been reached between the two Prime Ministers can be implemented without any legislative action.

Remove threats and optimize your Chrome with military-grade tech. Reverence to His Holiness Keshvanand Bharati as an Indian because it is only in this case that the supreme court laid down that any amendment is only validas long as it did not destroy the basic structure of the constitution. The State of Punjab. Let us now read Art. This Article shows that foreign territories which after acquisition would become a part of the territory of India under Art.